“Baghdad was sacked by the Moghuls”
The Mongols. The Moghuls were quite a bit farther east.
Note that while European cookbooks almost never give quantities, al Warraq, writing in the 10th century, frequently does. If one believes that European cuisine is in part derived from Islamic cuisine, you can use his book to get at least a guess at proportions.
Also, there are a few European sources that give you some useful information to check your intuitions. Le Menagier’s recipe for Hippocras has quantities for all ingredients. Du Fait de Cuisine doesn’t give quantities for the recipes but it does give a shopping list at the beginning, with quantities, for the entire feast, which gives you information on things such as the ratio of spices to meat.
You have provided a link to a *pirated* version of the 13th century anonymous Andalusian cookbook. The owner of that site has altered the text a great deal. The original source – from which she took it – is http://www.daviddfriedman.com/Medieval/Cookbooks/Andalusian/andalusian_contents.htm
It is less convenient than the pirated PDF, but it is true to the original. I think you do the public a disservice by linking to the pirated version.
Greetings! A great read. I am an amateur history re-creational hobbyist, and interested very much in recipe reconstruction. Recently, I fell into the process of getting a translation of a cooking manuscript, _The Science of Cooking_ completed. This manuscript most likely dates from somewhere between the late 1500’s and about 1620. All this is in preface to note this is the time period that the Ottoman Empire rolled into the Hungarian area. Since the translation is freely available (see the blog below), you may want to take a look in your spare time—I’d love to hear what influences you spot. I’ve found a bit…the use of gum tragacanth, but would love to hear what you spot!
You cited Charles Perry and the translation of the “An Anonymous Andalusian Cookbook from the 13th Century.” That work was a joint effort led by Mr. Perry and the work of a number of talented people. The original was published in 1992 and has for decades appeared at
Unfortunately, for your article you linked to the bowdlerized reorganized web edition produced by Candida Martinelli. Ms Martinelli originally took the Perry edition without permission and put it up on her website and for sale as a print on demand book. It was only after numerous complaints that she begrudgingly admitted there was an original free edition. These days she finally says “My thanks to all who worked on translating this book, and for putting it free on the Internet. That was very generous of you.”
Given that the original Perry edition is available, why didn’t you use the original work and reward that effort?